Info Design  [ definition ]

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The value of the term information architecture is highly questionable, the activities involved

in the creation of such are congruent with activities involved in the creation of taxonomies.

Hence it is suggested that the term information architecture is a synonym for taxonomy.

Organization, Categorization, and Navigation (e.g., infographic).

How do you make history matter? Allow people to watch history, and possibly step in.

Information architecture principles apply in all shared information environments —

Virtual  such as the Web;

Physical  such as built environments like museum, schools, libraries, hospitals, etc.;

Procedural  such as in flow of information in work processes.


Ranganathan, Shiyali R. 1933, Prolegomena to Library Classification,

Warren, Thomas L. 2007, Information Design Bibliography,



Alan Cooper,

Alberto Cairo,

Alex Dragulescu,

Andrea Resmini,

Andrew Maydoney,

Angela Morelli,

Asaf Degani,

Ben Fry,,

Bertrand Goldberg,

Bill Hill,

Bob Baxley,

Bram Pitoyo,

Cameron Moll,

Carlos Mari,


Claudio Gnoli,

Craig Mod,

Dan Saffer,,

Danah Boyd,

Daniel Crawford:

David Armano,

David Gibson,

David McCandless,

David Sless,

Douglas Bowman,

Edward Tufte,

Eli Pariser,

Elizabeth Scott,

Erik Spiekermann,

Francesco Franchi,

Guy Kawasaki,

Jakob Nielsen,

Jakob Trollbäck,,

Jared Benson,

Jason Fried,, Basecamp

Jason Kottke,

Jason Santa Maria,

Jef Raskin,

Jeff Croft,

Joe Clark,,

Joel Spolsky,

John Caserta,

John Maeda,

Jonathan Corum,

Jonathan Harris,, universe, wikipedia

Jonathan Puckey,

Josh Brewer,,

Juan Carlos Dürsteler,

Khoi Vinh,

Kirill Grouchnikov,

Ladislav Sutnar,, article

Lee Byrom,

Lev Manovich,

Luca Rosati,

Luke Dorny,

Luke Wroblewski,

Marcin Wichary,

Marco Quaggiotto,

Marko Dugonjić,

Max Kiesler,

Megan Jaegerman,

Mark Boulton,

Marshall McLuhan,

Naoto Fukasawa,

Nicholas Felton,, interview

Nick Hand,

Oscar Bettelli,

Otto Neurath,,,

Paul Graham,

Paul Mijksenaar,

Peter Morville,

Peter Van Dijck,

Peter J. Bogaards,

  Information Architecture,

  Information Design,

  Information Graphics,

Richard Rutter,

Rob Waller,,

Sander Baumann,

Silvio Lorusso,

Timm Kekeritz,


“Information Design” by Walker and Barratt,

“Standards in Information Design” by D. Sless,

“Better Content Management” by Ruissaard and Bogaards,

“A Conversation on Information”, by Coppock and Eco,

“Data Collection for Usability Research” by T. Zazelenchuk,

“Hacking My Vagina” by Elizabeth Scott,

“How to Use Google Search More Effectively” by S. McAllister,,

“The Ultimate Usability Resource Roundup Posts” by J. Creech,

247 Web Usability Guidelines,

Design Council Overview,

The Laws of Simplicity by J. Maeda,

Resources for Information Designers,

Thinkful: Learn to Code with a Mentor,

“Code Tryptic” by L. Egan,

“Pervasive Information Architecture” by Resmini and Rosati,

“Web Style Guide” by Lynch and Horton,

Web Accessibility Tools,,

Information Aesthetics: Data Visualization and Visual Design,

Information is Beautiful: Data Visualization,

Infographic Handout,

“2010 in Infographic” by D. Madray,

“The Power of Graphically Reorganizing & Mapping Information” by T. Girvin,

Malofiej 17th: The best infographics of 2008,

(UX) User Experience,

“A Definition of User Experience” by E. Reiss,

“The Elements of User Experience” by J.J. Garret,

“The Data-Pixel Approach To Improving User Experience (Realigning, Not Redesigning)” by R. van der Merwe,

“BBC World Service Language Websites: User Experience and Typography” by K. Çanlıoğlu,

UX Design Framework for Interaction,

“UX: Time To Dump Wireframes” by M. Polley,

“Approaches to User Research When Designing for Children” by C. Naranjo-Bock,

(IxD) Interaction Design,

Interaction Design Association,

“Essential Interaction Design Essays and Articles” by L. Johnson,

“CRI Medicine Labelling” by D. Sless,

“Interaction Design and Children” by J.P. Hourcade,

“Web Design is 95% Typography” by iA,

“Typography Is Important” by V. Vasinov,

“The Web Is Dead. Long Live the Internet” by Anderson and Wolff,

“Navigating Today's Signs“ by M. Hora,,

“Symbol Signs” by AIGA,

Ergonaut: the Principles of Good Interactive Design,

“Information Design Is Typography (Web Design Is 95% Typography)” by O. Reichenstein,

“Prolegomena to Library Classification” by S.R. Ranganathan,

“What Makes Someone Leave a Website?” by J. Brockmeier,

“Cr4p Passw0rd5 (on passwords)” by A. Hallmundur,

Jeffrey Zeldman Web Design Manifesto,

“Interaction In a Word: Better” by D. Armano,

“Interaction Design History Sources” by K. McGrane,

“Defining Interaction Design” by B. Baxley,

“Snow Fall: The Avalanche at Tunnell Creek” by J. Branch,

“Visualizing Algorithms” by M. Bostock,

The Secret Rules of Modern Living Algorithms,

“Algo-Rythmics; Technologically and Artistically Enhanced Multi-Sensory Computer Science”,

New York Times Articles Redesign,

“To Design Processes” by N. Shedroff,

“Design Process Study” by H. Dubberley,,

“What do Prototypes Prototype?” by Houde and Hill,,

“The Power of Prototyping” by T.Z. Warfel,

“Why We Skip Photoshop (When Designing a UI Mockup)” by J. Fried,

“Tree Structure and Hierarchies in UI” by G. Waloszek,,

“Industry Trends in Prototyping” by D. Cronin,

“Default UI” by F. Özkaramanlı,

“Design for a Target Experience First” by N. Ford,

“Responsive Web Design Guidelines” by Smashing Editorial,

“What It Means to Be Responsive” by J. Croft,

“Understanding Responsive Design” by P. Sheldon,

“DPI for Dummies: Images on Mobile Devices”, by C. Cohen,

“Great Examples of Infographics” by F. Mugnai,,

“Metodi Per l'Architettura dell'Informazione” by L. Rosati,

“Information Architecture: Making Information Accessible and Useful” by D. Sherwin,

“SnowSense: A Case Study in User-centered Location-based Services” by J. Eckert,

“How Do Visualisations Enhance the Communication of Data?” by C. Watson,; thread

“Fritz Kahn on Data Visualization” by C. Dunne,,, post

“Mapping the Beginnings of Computer-generated Art in The Netherlands” by D. Fritz,

“Francesco Franchi On Visual Storytelling and New Languages in Journalism” by Gestalten,

“Shift Happens” by M. Wichary,,,,

“90% of People Don’t Know How to Use ⌘+F” by A. Madrigal,

“Teaching InfoVis” by J.C. Dürsteler,,,


Glossario di Organizzazione della Conoscenza,

ISKO International Society for Knowledge Organization,

UDC Consortium: Universal Decimal Classification,

Submarine Cable Map,

A History of Women in War:

Levitated Computation,

“Visualization Options Available” by IBM Many Eyes,

“Understanding Pie Charts” by R. Kosara,

Visual Complexity,

Visual Explanations and Information Graphics,

SEGD Society for Environmental Graphic Design,

City Font Project,

DOMUS Mixtape Sound-based City Portraits,

“Anatomy Meets Art in Da Vinci’s Drawings” by S. Pappas,

“Taxonomy and Metadata and Findability Influence Traditional Roles” by T. Putkey,

Taxonomy Strategies,

Icon Analysis,

Websites as Graphs,

“Chartwell Infographic Font” by T. Kochel,,,

“From News to Experience” by Rosati and Badaloni,,

Blog List by Elmanco,

Spectra Visual Newsreader,


“Understanding Web Design” by J. Zeldman,,

“Wikipedia and the Future of the Past” by R. Rosenzweig,

“Wikipedia, How and Why It Works”,

“Data, Not Design, Is King in the Age of Google” by M. Helft,

“The Evolution of Google Search in Six Minutes” by S. Murphy,

“Graphical Symbols for Diagrams” by J. Aagaard,

“Symbols to Help, ISO/TC 145” by B. Gray,

“Good Designers Redesign, Great Designers Realign” by C. Moll,, web-skills.pdf

“The Problem With Famous Architects” by D. Klyn,

“Educating Information Architects” by E. Morrogh,

“Framework of Product Experience” by Desmet and Hekkert,

“Designing Web Navigation” by J. Kalbach,

“Ten Best Practices for Designing Mobile Websites” by A. Henderson,

“Better Techniques for Technical Reports” by E. Tufte,

“On PowerPoint” by E. Tufte,

”Apple’s Keynote vs Microsoft’s PowerPoint” by E. Tufte,

“Lousy PowerPoint Presentations: the Fault of PP Users?” by E. Tufte,

“PowerPoint Alternative: Adobe Presentations” by J. Crumpton,,

“5 Steps To A PowerPoint Redesign” by C. Malamed,

“The Power of Keynote” by P. Woods,

“History of the Scroll Bar” by J. Hight,

“Flick Scrolling Gesture” by @simurai,

“Interface Design and the iPhone” by E. Tufte,

“What if Testing Was a Part of the Design” by S. Ruluks,,

“The Two Corners of Unsolicited Redesigns” by J. Johnson,

“iPhone vs Andriod, Facebook vs Groupon” by A. Scott,

Sketch Sheets for Web Designers,

Smartphone Browser Landscape,

“Algorithm of Sieve of Eratosthenes for Prime Numbers” by R. Arista,

“On Web Browsers” by A. Twardoch,

“Don’t Drag Your Website Into Facebook” by R. Stacy,

“Visual Education, A New Language”, by O. Neurath,

“What Is Software For / Magic Ink” by B. Victor,, guide.pdf

“The Geography of Jobs”,

“Better Living Through Taxonomies” by H. Hedden,

“How the World’s Most Brilliant People Scheduled Their Days” by K. Short,

“Managing Representation In a Digital World” by D. Boyd,, thesis.pdf

“Document Architecture and Information Science Education” by Gunnarsson and Dahlström,

“The London Sewage System” by R. Bates,, london-drainage-1930.jpg

“iWalk Robotic Prosthetics” by H. Herr,

“The Science Bookstore” by J. Ptak,

“Complexity and Community” by M. Singer,

“The Hierarchy of Innovation” by N. Carr,

“Linkosophy” by A. Hinton,

“Disconnects Between Design and Engineering” interview with B. Scott,

The Book of Probes,

Charles J. Minard’s 1861 Thematic Map of Napoleon’s March on Moscow,,

“Project Management Graphics” at E. Tufte,

“100 Diagrams That Changed the World” by S. Christianson,

“Famous Writers’ Sleep Habits vs. Literary Productivity Visualized” by M. Popova,

“Le Liste Vertiginose” by U. Eco,,

“Visualizing Organized Crime in Italy” by F. Fragapane,

“How To Show Time During a Presentation” by S. Berkun,

“Attention and Sex” by S. Berkun,,

“Why Software Sucks” by S. Berkun,

“Text Messaging SMS Turns 20” by J. O'Mahony,

Shuttle Mission STS-123 Flight Plans,

Apollo 11 Landing Site, ;

The Rise and Fall of Osama Bin Laden,

How Americans Spend Their Money Chart,

Maps of the Racial Breakdown of America’s Biggest Cities,

“Race and Ethnicity 2010” by E. Fischer,,

“Lichtreise, Long Exposure Shots of UV LEDs Used as Infographic” by T. Nagel,

The True Size of Africa,

Political Science Purple America 2004,

Poligraft Dig Up Political Influence,

Immigration Explorer USA 1880-2000,

Women in Parliaments World Classification,

MIT Visualizing Cultures,

OECD Factbook eXplorer for Analysing Country Statistics,

NLP Neuro-linguistic Programming,,

“An Illustration of Alzheimer” by J. Ollie,

Crayola Raw Materials Test Data Sheet,

BIG Bjarke Ingels Group,

Sprint: Plug Into Now,

School Test Data,

Wine Flavor Visualization,

Clarence Larkin Biblical Charts,

“Visualizing the Bible” by C. Harrison,

“Similar Diversity” by Koller and Steinweber,

“Scanning Barcode Bruce Lee” by S. Blake,

Barcode Clock,,

Autodesk, “Visualizing TED with BigViz” by Sibbet and Richards,

“Flickr vs. Twitter” by E. Fischer,

1-click Award,

Atlas of Electromagnetic Space,

“Solar System Infographic” by K. Tate,

“Health Visualizer” by B. Fry,

“Iodine (Search Drug by Name)” by T. Goetz,,

“iPad Application Design” by M. Gemmell,

“iAd Wireframe Stencils” by S. Boms,,

“The Design Process Behind a Successful Android App” by S. de With,

Understanding USA,


Color Wheels and Information Design,

“Car Color Timeline” by A. Kapor,

“How Do Colors Affect Purchases” by KISSmetrics,

“Toilet Paper Orientation” by Engineering Degree,

Tokyo Traffic Control Center,

“Alta Velocità” Infographic by F. Franchi,; hi-res

“Download Speed Infographic” by J. Catone,

MTA.ME (“Departing Train Generative Music”) by J. Puckey,

New York City Hurricane Evacuation Zones Map,

Interactive NYC Map 1836–Today,

New York Public Library Hi-Res Maps,

Institute for The Future,,

Webarbiter Stats,

Strange (and Unusual) Maps,,

Hand Drawn Map Association,

“Periodic Table of Visualization Methods” by Lengler and Eppler,, paper.pdf


Map of Olympic Medals,

High-Water-Line Project,

“The Virtual Water Project” by T. Kekeritz,,

“Virtual Water Book” by T. Allan,

“The Global Water Footprint of Humanity” by A. Morelli,

“The Water We Eat” by A. Morelli,,

“How Little Water There Is On Earth” by J. Diaz,

“Light Speed Visualized” by J. O’Donoghue,,

“Solar System to Scale” by J. O’Donoghue,

Rice Population Demographics,

Wageningen Zoological Wall Charts,

Nobel Prize Winners Elastic List,

British History Timeline,

The Sputnik Legacy,

Le Grand Content,

Information Technology,

Information Visualisation,

Information Esthetics,

IA Summit,,, Italian IA Summit Report,

EuroIA Summit,

International Institute for Information Design,

Communication Research Institute Australia,

“History and Evolution of User Experience Design” by P. Merholz,

UXmatters, User Experience community,


Information Design Journal (IDJ),


Designcritique’s Podcast,

Typophile Books,

Lexicon Wikipédia Summary,

iA Japan,

Focal Press Media Technology Publising,,

Wayfinding and Signage

Wayfinding News,

“Thank You For Not Smoking” article on Signage by R. Caplan,

“Wayfinding” by K. Brandon,

“Wayfinding Systems” by L. Wyman,

“Books on Signage and Wayfinding” by R. Herrmann,

“Wayfinding Handbook” by D. Gibson,,,

“Wayfinding: Negotiating Complex Spaces” by L.T. Pham and E. Dane,

“Critical Wayfinding” by E. Lupton,

“Places Need Signs” by R. Waller,

“British Motorway Signage System” by Kinneir and Calvert,,

“Councils UK Urged to Remove Unnecessary Street Signs” by BBC News,

“Contextual Wayfinding and Transit: the Internet of Place” by L. Wolke,

“London’s New Walking Wayfinding Maps” by D. Reid,

“The London Tube Map For a Multiscreen World” by M. Noad,,, new-tubemap.jpg

“London Tube Map Sparks Furor Over What ‘Design’ Means” by J. Pavlus,

“London Underground Maps and Worldwide Subways” at E. Tufte,

“The Tube, An Underground History” by BBC,

London Underground Tube Map Video Documentary,,

The “London Underground Station Design Idiom”,,

Dynamic Diagrams (ID Watch),

UrbanRail Maps,

“All Streets” by B. Fry,

“The Doors to Design [Web Design]” by B. Sleep,

“Commuter Buddy”; The Drawing Board episode 4, Cooper Journal,

“Hong Kong’s Railway System MTR Colour Coding” by K. Tam,

“NYC Parks” by Pentagram,

“With No Display Map at Penn Station, Amtrak Misses an Opportunity” by A. Bernstein,

“Designing The Ultimate Wayfinding Typeface” by R. Herrmann,

“EGD Students Design Dynamic Airport Signage” by SEGD #8.25,

“Urbanflow Helsinki” by and,

“What‘s Your Signage” by SBDC,

“On Visiting a Warship / 防衛庁の公式ホームページが頭おかしい” by Japanese Ministry of Defence,

“La Mappa Come Racconto” by L. Rosati,

“Symbol Signs” by AIGA,

Urbino Walk In Progress,

Sign Design Society,

Wayfinding News,

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